Natalia Goncharova, a famous Russian avant-garde artist
Great Russian women
Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde artist (Cubo-Futurism), painter,
costume designer, writer,
illustrator, and set designer. Her great-aunt was Natalia Pushkina, wife of the poet Alexander Pushkin.
However she is remarkable not only because she is the namesake of her famous great-aunt.
This woman is also the only female artist in history whose works set a record price at a world auction.
Her painting "Picking Apples" was sold in 2007 for $9.8 million at Christie's auction,
making Natalia Goncharova the highest selling female artist.
The following year, "The Flowers" went under the hammer for $10.8 million, beating her previous record.
Natalia Goncharova was born in Nagaevo village near Tula, Russia in 1881.
She studied sculpture at the Moscow Academy of Art, but turned to painting in 1904.
At the school she met Mikhail Larionov, an extraordinary artist who became her husband, life-long companion and manager.
Together they pioneered two key movements: Neo-primitivism and Rayonism.
Neo-primitivism incorporated Russian primitive folk art with elements of cubism and futurism,
while Rayonism was a style beyond abstraction, time and space, heavily relying on the use of rays of light reflected from objects.
They were the main progenitors of the pre-Revolution Russian avant-garde
organising the Donkey's Tail exhibition of 1912, which was
conceived the establishment of an independent Russian school of modern art.
Despite her artistic affiliations, Goncharova did not limit herself by specific stylistic conventions.
She would mix Futuristic devices such as musical notations, letters,
words, with Rayonist principles.
It is most obvious in "The Cyclist", the painting that brought her the world fame.
Goncharova drew inspiration for some of her works from Russian folk art and Russian icons.
She is the author of a series of religious works and icon-like paintings.
Goncharova was also involved with graphic design - writing and illustrating a book in Futurist style.
Natalia Goncharova was a member of the Der Blaue Reiter avant-garde group from its founding in 1911.
In 1915 she left Russia and began to design ballet costumes and sets in Geneva.
She moved to Paris in 1921
where she designed a number of stage sets of Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.
Later in life, Natalia Goncharova abandoned easel painting for textile design, working along with eminent artists of her time Varvara Stepanova and Liubov Popova.
In her last years Goncharova was suffering from arthritis and couldn't raise her arm to the easel.
So she painted sitting on her bed with canvass lying flat in front of her.
During this time she created a remarkable series of space-themed works inspired by
USSR's launching the first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite.
Goncharova died in Paris, in 1962.
But her legacy is still alive. On February 9, 2011 Natalia Goncharova's famous painting "Les arbres en fleurs" was at Christie's auction for $6.4 million, exceeding the estimated $3.8-$5.3 million.
Her work is held in the Museum of Modern Art.
There are many beautiful women in different nations, but Russian beauty has its own peculiarities and distinctive features.
Since ancient times, many artists and poets admired the extraordinary beauty and intelligence of a Russian girl, and It's not just that she is very beautiful by nature.
Russian girls are able to downcast eyes like delinquent children, it seems they are about to cry, their eyes barely restrain turquoise tears that came out of the permafrost, centuries of grief.
Many ordinary Russian traditions evoke surprise and incomprehension of foreigners.
Russian women love to dress up. For example, a nice dress and high heels they consider appropriate attire for a simple stroll or even for ordinary trip to the store.
Russian girl is a flower, leaning over the weak men, they forgive them and twirl them as they wish.
True love feeling will evolve if you find the right partner. It's not easy and it takes a lot of time. Joint travel can greatly help with this.
Almost everyone loves to travel, and the young, attractive girls, probably more than anyone else.
This is, perhaps, not only because they are the most receptive to everything new, beautiful and unknown,
not hamstrung by conventions and stereotypes, but also due to the fact that unlike others may travel not only to something see but also be seen.
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